Archive for category: export_blog

Sunflower Seed Oil (SFO) trade & export (HS Code 1112, 111219) -Review

Sunflower Seed Oil (SFO) trade & export (HS Code 1112, 111219) -Review

Spec.HighOleic SFO OilSpec. RBD SunFlowerOil


  • Types and area of usage for ¬†SFO
  • Production & Consumption
  • Export & Import
  • ¬†Margins
  • Technology & Market trends &Organic products
  • High oleic sunflower oil (HOSO)
  • How to order¬†
  • Non-Refined Sunflower oil bulk – from 22 MT
  • Non-Refined Sunflower oil PET bottled 0,5-1L 2L, 5L
  • Refined Sunflower oil (RBD) : bulk – from 22 MT
  • Refined Sunflower oil Refined Sunflower oil PET bottled 0,5-1L 2L, 5L
  • Refined Sunflower oil HDPE Jerry Cans 5-10-20 L
  • High oleic sunflower oil (HOSO) –bottled 0.7-1L

Price – SFO is globally trade commodity price changes on the weekly bases¬† we are owner of the goods and can give competitive price¬†straight¬†away if we have volumes –¬†fill the online request on your right >>>

Types & usage:

  • Majority of Sunflower oil is for food & cooking (human consumption) based of culinary preferences as a way of usage it can very from¬†¬†non-refined cold press ( best for dressing and salads ) to RBD (refined, bleached, deodorized) best for frying ¬†, there are quite a few varieties in the between.
  • SFO also can be used for cosmetic and pharmacological per posies
  • The manufacturing remains of SFO and lower grades not for human consumption oil can be used for variety of industrial applications ¬† – so cold dark Coca-Cola SFO technical oil.

Production: Sunflower oil production  is increasing  globally at an average annual rate of +4.3% by volume and +4.5% by value since 2010 (fastest  growth  in production throughout 2015 was observed in Australia 57%, United States 55%, Uruguay 33% Bolivia, 15% and Ukraine  5% )

Total global production of sunflower oil amounted to 15.15 million tonnes in 2015. The average annual growth in volumes  in the period 2011-2015 was +1.0%. The largest world producers of sunflower oil are: Ukraine 4 555 ( 31% of world output), Russian Federation 3 755 ( 22% ), EU27 2 980 ( 19%), Argentina 1 140 ( 7%), Turkey 595 ( 3.7%)  (thousand MT) within the EU  largest producers  France 527, Hungary 472and Spain 433 thousand MT respectively. Other large sunflower oil producers in Europe are Romania (390 thousand MT) and Bulgaria (339 thousand MT).

Consumption: Global consumption of sunflower oil  as the cooking oil is going up 1% . It should be noted however that soya bean and palm oil remain the largest ( and fastest growing ) products in developing world  and sunflower oil  ( especially High oleic sunflower oil -HOSO) more popular in developed markets  where it’s increasingly used as the alternative to olive oil.  In EU countries such as France, sunflower oil has become the most commonly used oil in recent years.  The largest consumption market in Europe by far is Spain, where  sunflower oil consumption has remained stable since 2010 (over 550 thousand MT). Use of both sunflower and olive oil is high in Spanish and other Mediterranean dishes. Italy and France consumed significant amounts of sunflower oil (360 and 340 thousand MT respectively). Other large consumption markets are the United Kingdom (290 thousand MT), the Netherlands (280 thousand MT) and Germany (280 thousand MT).

In India and Middle East region as well as in China sunflower oil is increasingly replacing palm oil in specific industrial applications.

Consumer preferences can vary between countries and regions a lot.  Middle East  consumers  prefer refined  light colored oil whereas In EU countries, France in particular, consumers prefer a strong yellow color with a medium to high sunflower-like taste, Italians and Germans favor  nutty and grain-like flavor. In Dutch like their sunflower oil with a neutral taste and odor.

Export & Import

Major share of world the sunflower oil export comes from the Black Sea area, with Ukraine and Russia are the main supplying countries. Ukraine being by far the largest world producer of crude sunflower oil (32% global output  and 57% of export  )  takes only third place in export of refined product and fall short of Top 10 exporters in respect to bottled and branded products. Ukraine abundance in crude sunflower oil seems also fuels up the production of refined oil in neighboring countries.

In particular Turkey , which is the 1-st largest world exporter of refined sunflower oil.  In 2015 Turkey managed to export 618 thousand MT of refined sunflower oil which is above total domestic production of 595 thousand MT) . Therefor Turkey  also  is the 1-st larger buyer/importer  of crude/unrefined Russian  sunflower oil ( 461 thousand MT) and  3-rd larger buyer/importer of unrefined Ukrainian crude sunflower seeds oil ( 215 thousand MT). Such transit role of Turkey in re-export of sunflower oil likely to change soon due to closing Russian market for Turkish buyers as well as Russian focus on domestic ratification of sunflower oil and opening of Iranian market for Russian manufacturers .

World largest importer of refined sunflower oil is the Iraqi (nearly 400 thousand MT) with Turkish is the major supplier. It seems that Iraqi top world import linked to a close vicinity of Iran, and at least partially, due to unaccounted bilateral trade  and supply chains between those two counties,  including but not limited to sunflower  oil.

India is the world largest the fast growing end consumer of sunflower oil and in 2015 in was the largest buyer of unrefined crude sunflower oil   98% of oil comes from Ukraine, it accounts  for up to 35% of Ukrainian export of that product (1490 thousand MT) . Ukraine-India crude/unrefined sunflower oil trade had increased annually 21%   (2011-2015), however, for refined oil trade is very small as  India imported in 2015 total  just under 200 tons of refined oil  .

Total European exports of sunflower oil ¬†in ALL forms went over ¬†2.2 million TM ¬†in 2015 . More than a third of all EU sunflower oil imports originated from Ukraine and/or Russian suppliers. Due to brake up in EU ‚ÄďRussian Trade Ukraine in 2015 accounted for most of this import. ¬†Hungary, Romania , Bulgaria as well as Belgium and France ¬†also benefited from re-export and processing of ¬†Ukrainian sunflower oil or seeds. Therefore some time export stats for different HS code can represent mismatch.

Refined sunflower oil import figures for 2015 as follows : Belgium (207 thousand MT), UK (129 thousand MT)  Germany ( over 100 thousand MT). Belgium’s role as a trade hub reflects the importance of the port of Antwerp in this sector. On the crude unrefined sunflower oil  РNetherlands ( 121 thousand MT)  as well as  Spain and Italy ,  are the largest importer of  unrefined sunflower oil in Europe.

Respectively largest destinations for EU export are the Belgium United Kingdom, Germany, and Netherlands.  All-in-all one way or the other most of sunflower oil (whether  in form of seeds,  crude or refined  sunflower oil) comes from Ukraine, to above end consumers  often via other EU counties  like Hungary Poland or Baltic States.

Therefore lets  pay more attention to Ukrainian domestic sunflower oil market. In 2015 Ukraine recorded an annual growth of export +2.5% by volume and +1.9% by value. So far ongoing political crisis in Ukraine did not seem to have adverse impact on the oilseed and vegetable oil  production and trade. However, situation may change in 2016 due to bankruptcy of argo holding Kreative Group and reports of tax related disturbances to operations of Cargill Рlargest Ukrainian and global sunflower oil producer.

Prices & Margins

Sunflower oil is global commodity with futures  contracts option available. The end /processed product price depend on trade channels for sunflower oil which do not deviate from the general structure for Vegetable Oils.

Price of sunflower oil depends on:

  • the way the oil had been extracted from the seeds )
  • quality of seeds and oil
  • purity ( refined unrefined )
  • content of oleic acid (HOSO)
  • packaging ( bulk or bottled)
  • branding

In the wholesale trade the following margins can be expected:

  • Exporter Importers: will depend on whether the oil is simply being forwarded (5-10%),
  • or whether the importer has to re-sell¬† specific quantities (10-20%).
  • Refiners charge a fixed amount per tonne of oil refined, approx. adds¬† USD 200-300/tonne.
  • Bottlers and retailers will highly depend¬† on the nature of the final product. approx. adds¬† USD 200-500/tonne.
  • Brokers: ranging from approximately¬† 1 -3¬† %, or fixed price per tonne

Technology & Market trends

There are three major ways to get sunflower oil out of sunflower seed

1. Cold Press ¬†Sunflower seeds oil ‚Äst means that¬† at ALL stage of seeds or oil ¬†processing ¬†the temperature is below ¬†80 C ‚Äď such oil is¬† cold pressed and then filtered ‚Äď it has shorter shelf life and should be protected from light¬† ( sold in dark glass bottles¬† ) used for salads dressing ‚Äď not for¬† frying¬† ¬† ¬†¬†– We have capacity to supply‚Äď small and mid size ( up to 50 000 bottles /moth= 50 MT ) of Cold Press Ukrainian¬†¬† and can class bottle and do private label ‚Äď providing throughout QC checks at the sight of manufacturing ¬† ¬† ¬†¬†Considered to be Organic ¬†Product ‚Äď and niche market¬†

2. Regular Press Sunflower seeds oil ‚Äď oil is obtained by conventional press process ‚Äď it can be further refined¬† or filtered. It is more likely to ¬†retain natural odor and often do not undergo RBD (refined, bleached, deodorized) ¬†however it can ¬†–¬† Such oil is Best for ¬†salads dressing ‚Äď as well as for¬† frying .¬†We have capacity to supply‚Äď bulk (in flaxitanks 22-24 MT ) and bottled (0.5l-1l-3l, 5l) ¬†b2c &b2b products ¬†( up to 3000 MT /month) product can be private labeled – Best retail option for up market¬†

3. Extraction Sunflower seeds oil – solvent extraction of sunflower oil form seeds conduced ¬†with ¬†hexane (the primary solvent used worldwide) ¬†Possess is considered to be most efficient and ¬†¬†allows to remove all but about 99.5 % of oil ,. It is efficient and reliable, and allows to process large tonnages of oil from protein meal. This oil is light and best for industrial ¬†scale cooking and frying . We have capacity to supply such ‚Äď large volumes of bulk and bottled ¬†refined ¬†sunflower oil¬†¬† (up to 8 000 MT a¬† month) Best¬†Wholesale¬†Price¬†

A growing segment in the developed (EU US) markets is high oleic sunflower oil, originating from hybrid sunflower seeds.

The overall demand in Europe for healthy ingredients in food processing is growing rapidly. Oleic acid and Linoleic acid  belongs to families of essential fatty acids, which means that the human body cannot synthesize it from other food components  The high content of Oleic acid and  linoleic acid, essential fatty acids and vitamin E in sunflower oil provides, positively-assessed health claims that contribute to healthy blood cholesterol concentrations, children’s growth (omega 3 and 6) Whereas demand for high oleic sunflower oil is generally increasing in Europe, supplies remain tight, which points toward an interesting opportunity for developing country exporters

High oleic sunflower oil (HOSO) What is ‚Äúhigh oleic‚ÄĚ oil?

High oleic oil is any oil that is high in monounsaturated fats  Oleic acid  + linoleic acid in particular .  Olive oil is naturally high in monounsaturated fat, but it is also high in polyunsaturated fats which mean they are not very shelf-stable.  The traditional sunflower oil seed has a 65% linoleic acid and 20% oleic acid content, and can therefore be categorised with oilseeds such as soybean, cottonseed. In recent years, sunflower oils that are bred to be even higher in monounsaturated fats and low in polyunsaturated fats had been developed such sunflower oil more healthy and  can be used in products that need to be shelf-stable due to increased oxidation stability. Hybrid sunflowers seed give high-oleic seeds ranging from 60% to 90% in monounsaturated fats . The lower concentration of saturated fats in high-oleic sunflower oil is often preferred as a healthy ingredient.

In EU and US, the market has been slowly switching to high-oleic sunflower oil, stimulating growers to do the same. We suggest  that the demand for high-oleic sunflower oil surpasses its current availability, which brings price up and is translated into market opportunities for exporters. The production of high oleic sunflower oil in Ukraine, Russia and Argentina remain largely linoleic, due to the costly supply chain segregation from traditional crops. Some EU countries ( France in particular )  made headway in growing high-oleic hybrid sunflower crops. In 2016 we proud to offer Ukrainian high-oleic sunflower oil .

Food Safety and Export of Sunflower oil

The EU QC checks database of Europe’s Rapid Alert System for Food and Feed (RASSF) indicates that import of sunflower oil can be alerted and/or rejected for numerous reasons, for example, because of improper health certificates, benzopyrene contamination or the presence of mineral oil. Although a relatively limited amount of notifications has been identified in the last years, food safety alerts are important.

Important to know and watch in quality of sunflower oil ?

  • Maximum level for erucic acid in oils and fats for human consumption.
  • Maximum level for extraction solvents for food
  • Contaminants in food
  • Maximum Residue Levels (MRLs) of pesticides in food
  • Additives, enzymes and flavorings in food
  • Hygiene of foodstuffs based on the Hazard Analysis and Critical Control Points (HACCP) principles
  • Labeling: In case you are supplying consumer labeled products (in for example bottles and containers) you may consider to take into account labeling requirements laid down in European Union Regulation 1169/2011.

Abbottpm represents  Ukrainian  oleic sunflower oil   manufacturers at global markets.

  • direct export contract
  • no commission¬†
  • same day CIF quote –(if submitted before¬†11.30¬†am ¬†– container shipment, volume up to 2000 ton/month )
  • competitive price on large volumes ( 500+ tonnes) ¬†
  • fast test¬†consignment¬†(1 TEU container = 23 tonne) ¬†shipment
  • LC payment¬†
  • Free and fast sample shipment¬†upon confirmed LC ¬†

GET in touch today if you are looking to buy  sunflower oil wholesale.

  • Please fill the form GET THE QUOTE on your right or send as LOI >>>>>>>>>>>
  • ¬†Price of sunflower oil can be found at – it-bis HS code search¬†( available in Ukrainian only )
Butter Trade & Export  2016 (HS Codes 0405101900, 0405101100) – Review

Butter Trade & Export 2016 (HS Codes 0405101900, 0405101100) – Review

Global demand for Dairy products (Butter)  has generally deteriorated throughout year 2015 and in the first months of 2016. We observe further reduction in Butter price as the result of oversupply (increase production in NZ and EU ) and weak imports  from China, Russia and Northern Africa region. The situation is uncertain  and may  change significantly before the end of year 2016, according to the market experts of EMC Abbottpm.

On one hand, existing pressure on Butter and SMP  manufacturers  will remain and  price may further fall  throughout summer months of year 2016. It is in line with  seasonal butter prices decline, however,  current price (Q2 2016)  is low not only compared to the high levels reached back in 2014 but also compared to the average of the last 5 years. The gap between highest and lowest price in the EU and worldwide had increased and dairy producers reached limits set by the cost of producing the milk.

On the other had 1 March 2016, was the date then new cycle of EU Dairy Intervention and anti-crisis measures had started (as set by the¬† EU Regulation ¬†No 1308/2013) Later ¬†provides EU milk operators and farmers with some degree of ¬†market certainty in form of safety net for¬† agricultural¬† markets¬† as¬† part¬† of single¬† common market regulation (sCMO). EU-wide Public market buying-in is a system whereby product is purchased¬† by the public authority ¬†in each member state when prices are low and sold back into the market when the price recovers, alternative to sale can be ¬†distribution to non-profit organizations (UN, other aid agencies ). Such measures cater for a situation where EU prices deteriorate ¬†and ‚Äúreference thresholds‚ÄĚ ¬†for intervention set at:

  • Butter – ‚ā¨ 2,217per MT
  • SMP – ‚ā¨ 1,698 per MT

Intervention  buying for  the dairy sector in EU  were in place in 2009/10, (81,891 tonnes  of  butter  and  273,682  tonnes  of  SMP  were  purchased)  and  in 2015/16 (60,000 tonnes of Butter & 109,000 tonnes of SMP). Quantities offered into intervention through 2016/17 are likely to remain significant even despite real chance that  Russia market can be re-opened for EU dairy as soon as in Q4 2016 . It should be noted that later factor is rather political, and it makes forecast of export and price effect  less predictable.

Note РRussian government ban on the import of agricultural products (SMP, Cheese, Butter, other Dairy) originated in the EU in place till 6 August 2016. 

Note РRussian government ban on import of Ukrainian Dairy products (until further notice) in summer months only  creates surpluses capacity on the local Ukrainian market of butter and SMP.

We offer buyers from other regions  take advantage of the current short lasted situation with abnormally low prices and buy Butter and SMP from Ukrainian manufacturers at significant  discount  (current Ukraine price is under EU reference  thresholds)  this opportunity will  not last long.

Abbottpm represents  Ukrainian  Butter and SMP  manufacturer at global markets. Therefore we offer

  • direct export contract
  • no commission¬†
  • same day CIF quote –(if submitted before¬†11.30¬†am ¬†– container shipment, volume up to 100 tonne )
  • competitive price on large volumes ( 100+ tonnes) ¬†
  • fast test¬†consignment¬†(5-18 MT )¬†
  • LC payment¬†
  • Free and fast sample shipment¬†upon confirmed LC ¬†

GET in touch today if you are looking to buy  Butter  wholesale.

  • Please fill the form ¬†GET THE QUOTE on your right or send as LOI ¬†>>>>>>>>>>>
  • ¬†Price of butter¬†¬†can be found at – it-biS HS code search¬†( available in Ukrainian only )


Organic fertilizers and  Bio Compost  (HS Code 310100) Review

Organic fertilizers and Bio Compost (HS Code 310100) Review

Growing world population forms steady demand for agricultural output. At the same time middle class in US EU Asia increasingly asks for organic products. It forms steady demand for naturally produced products and thereafter for organic fertilizers and organic bio compost (animal and vegetable fertilisers¬† HS Code 3101). Ideally one may suggest that organic fertilizers and organic bio compost should be produced locally however reality is such that places of fast growing food production not always coincide with production of organic fertilizers and organic bio compost. ¬†¬†This is fast growing international market Major share of global export and import in this marker stays with the EU countries.¬† There are large variety of products sold under the same HS Code ‚Äď it therefor forms discrepancy in prices per MT of fertilizers. Organic fertilizers can concentrated of pre mixed with turf to form ready-to-use soil , ¬†¬†it can be backed in small bags for domestic use or be sold in bulk for larger scale farming, orcharding, barriers production etc.¬† There are number of other usages of ¬†organic fertilizers and organic bio compost for landscape gardening ¬†architecture and design .

There are number of technologies behind production of bio compost and fertilizers by the mixing and chemical treatment of animal or vegetable products with further ¬†Vermicomposting. But let‚Äôs tack a look at trade data for that type of product HS Code 310100 (that can be considered as a ‚Äúnew commodity‚ÄĚ alongside with fresh water and biofuel.

Export price for organic fertilizers and organic bio compost went up from USD 235 in 2010 vs USD 257 in 2014. Trade volumes went up from 2 759 404 MT to 3 259 690MT respectively/

Ukraine has significant underdeveloped potential in production of organic fertilizers and organic bio compost. Abbottpm word with three mid-size  Ukrainian  manufacturers of total annual capacity up to 20 000 m3. On their behalf We  offer attractive prices and direct export contract insuring consistent high quality of organic fertilizers and organic bio compost. Please get in touch today to get specification and quote

Abbottpm represents  Ukrainian  Organic fertilizers and  Bio Compost  manufacturer at global markets. Therefor offer

  • direct export contract
  • no commission¬†
  • same day CIF quote –(if submitted before¬†11.30¬†am ¬†– container shipment, volume up to 2000 ton/month )
  • competitive price on large volumes ( 1000+ tonnes) ¬†
  • fast test¬†consignment¬†( 25¬†MT ¬†)¬†
  • LC payment¬†
  • Free and fast sample shipment¬†upon confirmed LC ¬†

GET in touch today if you are looking to buy Organic fertilizers and  Bio Compost  wholesale.

  • Please fill the form on your right or send as LOI ¬†>>>>>>>>>>>
  • ¬†Price of Organic fertilizers and ¬†Bio Compost can be found at – it-biS HS code search¬†( available in Ukrainian only )
Trade & export of nitrogen-release fertilizer -carbamide  (HS Code 310210) – Review

Trade & export of nitrogen-release fertilizer -carbamide (HS Code 310210) – Review

Nitrogen fertilizers market consists of a great amount of product varieties, which can be differentiated based on their chemical formulas, soil specificity, mode of application and consequences. The general chemical compounds are Anhydrous ammonia (dangerous to soil, yet yielding high returns), Ammonium nitrate (because of its explosive properties, loses its positions to Urea), Ammonium sulfate (low nitrogen content, used in sandy soil areas) and Urea (dry fertilizer with the highest percentage of nitrogen).

Demand on the nitrogen fertilizers market shows steady growth. There are periods of over- and under- supply, which are caused by seasonality in agriculture market (we observe the highest demand in the period of agricultural work Рin spring and autumn) and weather conditions.

Nitrogen fertilisers are generally produced from the following raw material: natural gas, oil and coke oven gases. Raw material base helps to understand the distribution of world production. In 2013, Chinese share in the 161 million tonnes globally produced nitrogen fertilisers accounted for more than one third. India produced 9% of the total amount and Russia and US 6% each.

The world leaders in exports in 2014 were China, Russia, Saudi Arabia, Egypt, UAE and Ukraine. Since 2013, we see a decline of fertilizers production and thereafter export from Ukraine. One may suggest that such trend linked to  difficulties  in gas supply from Russia, and the monopoly of Group DF in the industry.
Ukrainian export declined from 2.6 million tons in 2013 down to 1.6 million in 2014. Egypt, during the same period, faced similar production volume reductions: from 2.6 to 1.8 mln tons. UAE, however, increased nitrogen fertilizers production by 0.5 million (1.2 to 1.7 mln. tons).  At the same time China (one of the constantly growing market players)  shows growth from 8 to 13 millions in 2014-2015 season. Russian production remains stable at the level 5 million tonnes.
In¬†2014 Ukraine exported nitrogenous fertilizers worth over 500 millions US dollars. The figure granted¬†Ukraine the 7th place among¬†the world’s largest exporter. Ukrainian’s export height was observed in 2011-2012, when Ukraine exported annually 3.5 tonnes of nitrogen fertilizers.

Geographically, consumption of nitrogen fertilizers linked to locations of the manufacturers. The biggest consumers are China (31%), India (16%), and the US (11%).

As for imports, the top ten importers are US, India, Brazil, Thailand, Australia, France, Turkey, Mexico, Canada and Spain. Indian and Brazilian markets are fast-growing , whereas the US Рremains the largest importer. Overall fertilizers industry  has  grown slowly but steadily. The trend  directly related to the development importance of agriculture worldwide.

In the last five year period,¬†there was a increase in prices. World’s average rated grew by 41%: from 281 to 398 US dollars per metric tonne. Ukrainian prices followed the trend with more than 50% rise:¬†248 – 373 US dollars per MT.¬†Since 2011-2012, market prices began to stabilise, result of lower prices for natural gas, (a lag of six months on oil prices) .

The position of Ukrainian manufacturers and exporters of nitrogen fertilizers is strong on the global market. Stability and long-term growth of the industry persuades Ukrainian exporters to expand international market coverage.¬†AbbottPM provides our customers¬†with the high quality export management expertise. We ease cross-border trade operations for nitrogen fertilizers’ exporters and provide your business with¬†optimal solutions

Abbottpm represents  Ukrainian  nitrogen-release fertilizer (carbamide)  manufacturer at global markets. Therefor offer

  • direct export contract
  • no commission¬†
  • same day CIF quote –(if submitted before¬†11.30¬†am ¬†– container shipment, volume up to 1000 ton)
  • competitive price on large volumes ( 500+ tonnes) ¬†
  • fast test¬†consignment¬†( 25MT ¬†)¬†
  • LC payment¬†
  • Free and fast sample shipment¬†upon confirmed LC ¬†

GET in touch today if you are looking to buy  Butter  wholesale.

  • Please fill the form on your right or send as LOI ¬†>>>>>>>>>>>
  • ¬†Price of nitrogen-release fertilizer (carbamide) can be found at – it-biS HS code search¬†( available in Ukrainian only )